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The History Of The New York Stock Exchange

One belongs to New York instantly, one belongs to it as much in five minutes as in five years.
– Thomas Wolfe (1900-1938), American short story writer and novelist.

New York has often been described as the center of world business, and if it be so, theres no questioning what is its throbbing heart – the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). For some time now, no company can be said to have truly arrived until it was listed on the NYSE. Here then, is a short history of the NYSEs long and illustrious career as the barometer of the nations, indeed the worlds, financial health.

The history of the NYSE can be said to have begun in 1792, when twenty-four prominent brokers and merchants gather on Wall Street to sign the Buttonwood Agreement, agreeing to trade securities on a achievement basis. At that time, Bank of New York became the first company to be listed on the New York Stock & Exchange Board.

The first base of operations was at 40 Wall Street in a rented room, which was eventually destroyed in the Great Fire of New York in 1835. In 1863, the name New York Stock Exchange was adopted, and in 1865, it moved to 10-12 Broad Street. As trading multiplied over the next four decades, a larger building was required, and finally inaugurated on on April 22, 1903.

Over the next few decades, the Garage, the Blue Room, the Extended Blue Room and the Bond Room were added. As electronic trading gained popularity, the NYSE decided to close down many of the rooms that had been added by earlier expansions.

Currently, the NYSE is operated by NYSE Euronext, which was formed by the NYSE’s 2007 merger with the fully electronic stock exchange Euronext. This merger brought together major marketplaces across Europe and the United States with histories stretching back more than four centuries. The combination was by far the largest of its kind and the first to create a truly global marketplace.

Even as the NYSE developed into the marketplace of the world, it wasnt all smooth sailing. One of the first shocks occurred when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, leading to the exchange being closed for around a week. Then, in 1920, a bomb exploded outside the NYSE, killing 33 people and injuring more than 400. The scorch marks are still visible on the building.

October 24, 1929 marked the Black Thursday crash at the NYSE, leading to the the sell-off panic which started on Black Tuesday, October 29 and often considered the initiator of the Great Depression. On October 19, 1987, also known as Black Monday, the benchmark index (Dow Jones Industrial Average) dropped 508 points, a 22.6% loss in a single day.

There was also the Mini-Crash of 1989 on October 13, 1989 when a UAL deal went bust, causing the Dow to fall 190.58 points, or 6.91%. The Asian Financial Crisis led to a 7.18% drop in value (554.26 points) on October 27, 1997. There was a sudden 998 point drop on May 6, 2010 but the markets rebounded immediately.

In spite of these hiccups, the NYSE has progressed on its way as the predominant stock exchange in the world with the market capitalization of its listed companies at totaling $ 11.92 trillion as of Aug 2010.

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How to buy shares in Karachi stock exchange in Urdu

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How to buy shares in Karachi stock exchange in Urdu

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How the Philippine Stock Exchange works

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If you’ve ever wondered what stocks are, how the stock exchange works, and how you can earn from investing in them, then this feature might just be what you’re looking for.
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BSE Bombay Stock Exchange, Dalal Street, Bombay. This is where ALL the action takes place in Mumbai!

Even after the city’s name was changed to Mumbai, they have gladly not changed it to the MBE. Imagine calling it the Mumbai Stock Exchange. It just doesn’t sound right!

As per Wikipedia:

The Bombay Stock Exchange is the oldest exchange in Asia. It traces its history to the 1850s, when four Gujarati and one Parsi stockbroker would gather under banyan trees in front of Mumbai’s Town Hall. The location of these meetings changed many times, as the number of brokers constantly increased. The group eventually moved to Dalal Street in 1874 and in 1875 became an official organization known as ‘The Native Share & Stock Brokers Association’. In 1956, the BSE became the first stock exchange to be recognized by the Indian Government under the Securities Contracts Regulation Act. The Bombay Stock Exchange developed the BSE SENSEX in 1986, giving the BSE a means to measure overall performance of the exchange. In 2000 the BSE used this index to open its derivatives market, trading SENSEX futures contracts. The development of SENSEX options along with equity derivatives followed in 2001 and 2002, expanding the BSE’s trading platform. Historically an open outcry floor trading exchange, the Bombay Stock Exchange switched to an electronic trading system in 1995. It took the exchange only fifty days to make this transition. This automated, screen-based trading platform called BSE On-line trading (BOLT) currently has a capacity of 8 million orders per day. The BSE has also introduced the world’s first centralized exchange-based internet trading system, BSEWEBx.co.in to enable investors anywhere in the world to trade on the BSE platform. The BSE is currently housed in Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers at Dalal Street, Fort area.

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Cannex Capital Group INC Joins CSE Stock Exchange + Canopy Growth Corp To Buy Morphine Company

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Cannex Capital Growth INC joins the CSE Canadian Stock Exchange today. Canopy Growth Corporation looking to buy Spanish Morphine Company Alcaliber SA. Let me know if you guys think this is the right move for the worlds biggest marijuana company to make?!

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U.S. pot producer Cannex joins marijuana rush to list in Toronto

New York Wall Street & Stock Exchange

Wall Street is the office of New York Stock Exchange and known as the financial market in US. It is situated in the lower area in Midtown Manhattan, New York. For many years, this building remained headquarter of many financial institutions are brokers but many of them moved to their own office in other states.

History

The name of Wall Street was taken from the Wall that serves as boundary for the Dutch settlement in Manhattan in the 1600s. Wall Street enjoyed a peak time during 1800s to 1900s but after the 9/11 (September 2001) attacks, many of the financial institutes and brokerage houses moved to other parts of the city. Locals know Wall Street as the “House of Morgan” because the largest bank in Wall Street belongs to the JP Morgan.

New York Stock Exchange

With capital around $ 20 trillion dollars, NY Stock Exchange is the world’s biggest stock exchange market. In 1792, 24 brokers and bankers who signed an agreement named as Buttonwood Agreement suggested New York Stock Exchange. It is named on a buttonwood tree that is located near Wall Street. The agreement consisted of buy and sell systems of the stock exchange company which later became the New York Stock Exchange.

The plan to acquire Archipelago was declared on 21st April 2005. The purpose of this acquisition was to make NYSE a public trading company. NYSE changed its name to NYSE Group on March 8, 2006. The group joined European combined stock market (Euronext) after one year. So, the name of NYSE again changed from NYSE Group to NYSE Euronext. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of New York Stock Exchange is Marsh Carter.

Visiting Wall Street and the NYSE

Though visitors are not allowed to enter the NYSE trade ground, they can explore the exteriors of the building and the facilities available. The inexpensive way of accessing the NYSE is through bus and subway but you can also take a taxi if in hurry. The rule –not to enter the NYSE trade ground- was decreed after the 9/11 attack.

The Federal Hall National Memorial, which is located in the financial district, is the first capital of US and also President George Washington held the inauguration ceremony here. You will also come across South Street Seaport located at the end of Wall Street. It is a great place for shopping and dining.
Wall Street and NYSE is one of the “do-visit” places in New York and if you are planning to spend some days in NY, you should visit there too. There are more than 3000 companies listed at NYSE. Ranked in top 10 most visited places in New York, NYSE has a visitor-base of over seven hundred thousand people every year. Guided tours are also available for visitors. To know more about the guided tours, please contact NYSE Information Cell.

You might also want to learn about Visit New York United Nations Headquarters and Visit New York Wall Street & Stock Exchange

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What is Pakistan stock exchange? (Urdu/Hindi)

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What is Pakistan stock exchange? (Urdu/Hindi)

Definition: stock market and shares. The video is about the importance of stock market for an economy and how you can invest in stock market. Pakistani stock exchange.

Video has been made by Zulfiqar. Zulfiqar is a blogger, marketing student and has a day job at sales department of MNC.

Top 10 Largest Stock Exchanges In The World

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10. Deutsche Börse – .71 trillion
The powerful German economy and its firms are largely influenced by what goes on at the Frankfurt stock exchange.

9. Shenzhen Stock Exchange – .91 trillion
The rise of the Chinese economy has allowed the Shanghai-based exchange to penetrate the top ten.

8. TMX Group – .20 trillion
Trading the best Canada has to offer, the Toronto-based TMX Group operates the country’s most important stock exchanges.

7. Shanghai Stock Exchange – .86 trillion
The second Chinese stock market is also located in Shanghai, but is far larger than its counterpart.

6. Hong Kong Stock Exchange – .14 trillion
As one of the largest global trade centers, Hong Kong’s financial growth has been absolutely stunning and continues on the same trajectory.

5. London Stock Exchange Group – .39 trillion
Despite being one of the most important financial centers throughout history, the city is no longer as powerful as it once was.

4. Euronext – .50 trillion
Commanding the economies of the Netherlands, France, Belgium, and Portugal, this exchange not only has several members, but also several headquarters.

3. Japan Exchange Group – .48 trillion
Trading shares of some of the most advanced corporations in the world, the Tokyo-based stock exchange has grown to become one of the world’s biggest.

2. NASDAQ – .68 trillion
The second largest stock exchange in the world is the NASDAQ, located in New York and trading, among others, very lucrative technology stocks.

1. New York Stock Exchange – .77 trillion
By far the most important financial trading grounds in the world today, the New York Stock Exchange is home to some the biggest and most powerful corporations from the United States.

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This video will show you the top 3 mistakes that a newbie in the Philippine stock market makes so you can avoid it. This will also tell you when to buy stocks. I hope this will be very educational for you people who are planning to start investing in stocks.
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Stock Market Training Workshop by Noor Maier Full

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This Training Workshop was conduct for education of common investors with this belief that every one have right to learn if he wishes to.

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Floor trading is where traders or stockbrokers meet at a specific venue referred to as a trading floor or pit to buy and sell financial instruments using open outcry method to communicate with each other. More on stock trading: https://www.amazon.com/gp/search?ie=UTF8&tag=doc06-20&linkCode=ur2&linkId=3b70391c913a3a0dc8e7add5852ad72a&camp=1789&creative=9325&index=books&keywords=stock%20trading

These venues are typically stock exchanges or futures exchanges and transactions are executed by members of such an exchange using specific language or hand signals. During the 1980s and 1990s phone and electronic trading replaced physical floor trading in most exchanges around the world.

As of 2007 few exchanges still have floor trading. One example is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) which still executes a small percentage of its trades on the floor. That means that the traders actually form a group around the post on the floor of the market for the specialist, someone that works for one of the NYSE member firms and handles the stock. Just like in an auction, there are shouts coming from those that want to sell and those that want to buy. The specialist facilitates in the match and centralizing the trades.

On January 24, 2007, the NYSE went from being strictly an auction market to a hybrid market that encompassed both the auction method and an electronic trading method that immediately makes the trade electronically. A small group of extremely high-priced stocks isn’t on this trading system and is still auctioned on the trading floor.

Even though over 82 percent of the trades take place electronically, the action on the floor of the stock exchange still has its place. While electronic trading is faster and provides for anonymity, there’s more opportunity to improve the price of a share if it goes to the floor. Investors maintain the right to select the method they want to use.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floor_trading

On October 19, 1987, the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 508 points, a 22.6% loss in a single day, the second-biggest one-day drop the exchange had experienced. Black Monday was followed by Terrible Tuesday, a day in which the Exchange’s systems did not perform well and some people had difficulty completing their trades.

Subsequently, there was another major drop for the Dow on October 13, 1989; the Mini-Crash of 1989. The crash was apparently caused by a reaction to a news story of a .75 billion leveraged buyout deal for UAL Corporation, the parent company of United Airlines, which broke down. When the UAL deal fell through, it helped trigger the collapse of the junk bond market causing the Dow to fall 190.58 points, or 6.91 percent.

Similarly, there was a panic in the financial world during the year of 1997; the Asian Financial Crisis. Like the fall of many foreign markets, the Dow suffered a 7.18% drop in value (554.26 points) on October 27, 1997, in what later became known as the 1997 Mini-Crash but from which the DJIA recovered quickly. This was the first time that the “circuit breaker” rule had operated.

On January 26, 2000, an altercation during filming of the music video for “Sleep Now in the Fire”, which was directed by Michael Moore, caused the doors of the exchange to be closed and the band Rage Against the Machine to be escorted from the site by security[15] after band members attempted to gain entry into the exchange.[16] Trading on the exchange floor, however, continued uninterrupted.[17]

In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, the NYSE was closed for 4 trading sessions, one of the longest times the NYSE was closed for more than one session; only the third time since March 1933.

On May 6, 2010, the Dow Jones Industrial Average posted its largest intraday percentage drop since the October 19, 1987 crash, with a 998 point loss later being called the 2010 Flash Crash (as the drop occurred in minutes before rebounding). The SEC and CFTC published a report on the event, although it did not come to a conclusion as to the cause. The regulators found no evidence that the fall was caused by erroneous (“fat finger”) orders.[18]

On October 29, 2012, the stock exchange was shut down for 2 days due to Hurricane Sandy.[19] The last time the stock exchange was closed due to weather for a full two days was on March 12 and 13 in 1888.[20]

On May 1, 2014 the stock exchange was fined .5 million “to settle charges it violated market rules, the Securities and Exchange Commission said Thursday.”

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How to buy and sell stocks in Philippine Stock Market for beginners

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Tutorial for beginners on step by step guide how to buy and sell stocks in Philippine stock market.
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Stock Exchange in Bangladesh-  tutorial part 2

STOCK MARKET in Bangladesh. There is two Stock Exchange in Bangladesh. DSE- Dhaka Stock Exchange and CSE- Chittagong Stock Exchange. Stock market is a non profitable institution. Share market in Bangladesh.