Tag Archives: monetary policy

BOJ keeps stance, expansion goes on despite slowdown

Sourced from: https://www.countingpips.com/2019/03/boj-keeps-stance-expansion-goes-on-despite-slowdown/

Japan’s central bank abandoned its monetary policy stance unchanged, as expected, but acknowledged the nation ’s exports and industrial production have been affected by the worldwide economic slowdown.
     However, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) still expects the economy to continue its “moderate growth ” despite the downturn in overseas economies as national demand trends upward, helped by government spending.
     “Even though exports are estimated to show any weakness for now, they’re expected to be about a moderate increasing tendency on the back of overseas economies growing moderately on the whole,” BOJ stated.
     In now ’s announcement, the BOJ’s policy board confirmed its monetary policy of controlling the yield curve that’s been in place since September 2016 – Quantitative and Qualitative Easing with Yield Curve Control (QQE) – and this coverage could continue until inflation reaches its 2 percent target.
     In its outlook for economic activity and prices from January, the BOJ reduced its inflation forecast for the fourth time, together using inflation excluding new food noticed rising only 0.8 percent in fiscal 2018, which ends this season, down from October’s forecast of 0.9 percent.
    In January Japan’s heart inflation rate edged up to 0.8 percent from 0.7 percent in December.
    Consumer costs in fiscal 2019, excluding the impact of the consumption tax hike, are observed rising 0.9 percent, down from 1.4 percent previously forecast, because of lower oil prices, and also for financial 2020 inflation is seen at 1.4 percent, down by 1.5 percent.
     Japan’s market is predicted to continue to expand about its potential rate, together with growth in fiscal 2018 hit by natural disasters last summer.
     The estimate of gross domestic product increase in financial 2018 was lowered to 0.9 percent from October’s prediction of 1.4 percent.
     GDP grew 0.5 percent in the fourth calendar quarter of 2018 from the next quarter for annual growth of 0.3 percent, up from 0.1 percent in the next quarter.
     For this coming financial year, the forecast for growth was revised up to 0.9% from a past 0.8 percentage, and for fiscal 2020 expansion is observed at 1.0 percent, up from 0.8 percent.
     After falling from March 2018 to December, the yen rose strongly in late December but has since given up a number of the gains this season. Now the yen was trading in 111.8 to the U.S. dollardown 1.3 per cent this year.
      As part of its monetary policy, the BOJ revealed it would keep a negative interest rate of minus 0.1% on banks’ deposits that transcend reserve requirements along with the purchase of government bonds of about 80 trillion yen so as to maintain 10-year government bond yields approximately 0%.
       As part of its QQE policy, the BOJ also purchases Exchange-Traded-Funds (ETFs) and real estate investment trusts (J-REITs) so the outstanding sums increases at an annual rate of roughly 6 trillion and approximately 90 billion yen, respectively.
By CentralBankNews.info

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A currency is money in any form when in actual use or circulation as a medium of exchange. The UN recognizes 180 national currencies as legal tender. Some Asian nations have paper bills pegged at over several thousands for just a dollar. Asia has many least valuable currencies than any other continent.

While the value of some of these currencies is deliberately kept low for specific reasons, value of most of them is low due to poor leadership. Here are the 7 most worthless currencies in the world as of 2014, with exchange rate in Unite States dollar.

7) South Korean Won (1 US dollar = 1,101.49)
South Korea has deliberately manipulated its monetary policy to keep its money cheap. This makes the nation’s exports cheaper than those of competitors like Japan. How come the home to global giants like Kia, Samsung and Hyundai has a currency worth .0008 US$ ? It’s simple. They like it that way. They deliberately manipulate monetary policy to keep their money cheap which makes their exports cheaper than those from competitors like Japan.

6) Iraqi Dinar (1 US dollar = 1,154.44)
Plunging oil prices and terrorist activities are impacting the value of Iraqi Dinars negatively. The oil-rich nation is basically enmeshed in a brutal civil war without any cohesive social fabric to pull it back together. It’s not looking good for the Iraqi dinar revaluation.

5) Cambodian Riel (1 US dollar = 4,055.64)
Cambodia is still very poor; average annual income is just 6 and malnutrition among children is widespread. Although Cambodia is rich in natural resources, years of war and internal conflict have made it a poor country. The popular tourist destination’s future looks brighter. Tourism accounts for 17% of the Gross Domestic Product. There’s oil being found.

4) Laotian Kip (1 US dollar = 8,063.87)
Around three-fourths of the work force of Laos is engaged in growing rice. More than a third of the nation’s population lives below the global poverty line of US .25 PPP a day. Lao economy is growing quickly but ¾ of the work force is tied up in growing rice. The government’s goal to come off from the UN Development Program’s list of least-developed countries by 2020 is achievable.

3) Indonesian Rupiah (1 US dollar = 12,869.98)
Awful infrastructure, rampant corruption and foot-dragging bureaucrats are affecting the value of the Indonesian Rupiah. The archipelago nation subsidizes gas prices so much, it doesn’t have enough left over to build modern infrastructure.

2) Vietnam Dong (1 US dollar = 21,385.80)
Vietnam is astonishingly exotic and utterly compelling nation. The value of the Dong is kept low to boost exports. The nation has been, for much of its history, a predominantly agricultural civilization based on wet rice cultivation. Deep poverty has declined significantly in Vietnam. The dong is kept low to boost exports and everyone seems to like it that way.

1) Iran Rial (1 US dollar = 26,954.18)
Asia’s number least valuable currency is Iran Rial. Iran is hit really hard by the international sanctions over the nuclear program. This West Asian nation’s economy is a mixed economy. Around 60 percent of the economy is centrally planned. Iranian president said recently that the country has the potential to become one of the ten largest economies in the world within the next three decades.

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