Forex Currency Symbols and Pairs Explained

When first learning about trading currency on the Forex, it's not unusual for your head to spin. Like learning anything new, there is a period of total confusion followed by a little clarity followed by your first glimmer of all the bits of information beginning to come together.

To assist you in your learning, I've compiled a list of the symbols of the most-traded treaties. The symbol is first, followed by the country and lastly the common name and nickname of the particular currency. These countries' currencies are involved in the highest number of transactions processed on the FX each day:

USD United States Dollar Buck

EUR Euro Euro Fiber

JPY Japan Yen Yen

CHF Switzerland Franc Swissy

CAD Canada Dollar Loonie

AUD Australia Dollar Aussie

GBP Great Britain Pound Cable

NZD New Zealand Dollar Kiwi

Each Forex currency symbol has three letters. The first two describe the country and the third the name of that particular country's currency.

The base currency is in the first position of a pair. You could also see it called the accounting, domestic or the primary currency. The second in the pair is called the quote or counter currency. The quote currency is the quantity of that currency that is required to purchase a single unit of the base currency.

Together, these 6 major Forex pairs account for 90% of all Forex transactions:

– EUR / USD: Euro and US dollar.

– GBP / USD: British pound and US dollar.

– USD / JPY: US dollar and Japanese yen.

– USD / CHF: US dollar and Swiss franc.

– AUD / USD: Australian dollar and US dollar.

– USD / CAD: US dollar and Canadian dollar.

Because the US dollar is either the base or the counter currency in 85% of Forex trades, which means it is in all of the major pairs. Any pairs without the USD are called 'cross rates.' This is how Investopedia explains a cross rate:

"If an exchange rate between the Euro and the Japanese Yen was quoted in an American newspaper, this would be considered a cross rate in this context, because either the euro or the yen is the standard currency of the US However, if the exchange rate between the euro and the US dollar were quoted in

that same newspaper, it would not be considered a cross rate because the quote involves the US official currency. "

What is the best pair for beginning traders?

The currency pair to begin trading with is EUR / USD, for two reasons:

1. Because EUR / USD is the most commonly traded pair, which means liquidity is high and the spread, which is your cost, is usually low.

2. Because ample data is available available on both currencies, so it is easy to access financial news and alerts. The second most traded that a beginner may choose to start with is GBP / USD.

Whichever pair you choose, do try to stay with one pair when you're just getting started. If you try to follow too many pairs to start, it becomes very difficult to stay on top of the new, prices and trends.



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Foreign exchange rates is a currency conversion of two different currencies

From the first part of 2008, interest rates for fixed deposits and lending rates declined gradually to ensure the flow of liquidity in the Indian market, to give boost to manufacturing industry and increasing agricultural production in the country as a whole. This decrease in bank interest rate has remained in vogue until the middle of 2010 and the decision of the Reserve Bank of India to maintain interest rates at a lower level for the development of Indian economy started showing its results as evidenced by the bottom-up kind of GDP growth year after year.

 

To give an example for the operation of the exchange rate and help to understand it in a better way may make a comparison between the Japanese yen and U.S. dollar. Suppose in a particular day with the U.S. dollar yen 1001 hundreds of Japan can be purchased which means that the exchange rate between the U.S. and Japan is in the ratio of one is one hundred and ten . This report is known as pairing. When someone examine vice versa, it can be used to display the number of Japanese yen can be sold in a unit of U.S. dollar. Another term that is often used in the exchange rate is known as “Cross-Rates.” The term is used only when the participation of U.S. dollars does not occur and it is used only in case of two linked currencies.

 

As the industrial prospects for the major industrial economies seemed not so sure, Evolvers policies are looking for additional ways to stimulate activity. conventional means of fiscal and monetary policies are almost irrelevant, and that’s why the Fed in its statement today said the ease quantitative. Another type of tools used to support activity is the exchange rate and it is not at all surprising that these pressures for exchange rate policies are again looking up. Emerging market countries are of the notion that quantitative easing policy are underway in industrial countries are the policies of devaluations are invited by the back door and towards the objective of capital controls to protect assessment to take place. Policymakers in the international arena have so far given his consent for the call to the IMF for the monitoring of imbalances and aspirations are not the kind of advanced for policy coordination at the end of the G20.

 

Another term with which foreign exchange transactions should be familiar with the value is Pip. Pip shows the percentage point. Pip is the smallest incremental movement may be eligible currency. The point value may be different for different markets. For the currency pair EUR / ESD, further movement of 0.8993 to 0.8994 is called a pip. Here’s a pip is 0.0001. Another term that Forex traders must learn to trade forex is distributed. Spread is the difference for the bid price and bid price. This can be demonstrated with the example of this kind. Suppose that the price offer for the price of EUR / AUD is 1.3646 and the bid price is 1.3649, so in this case, the difference is 0.0003. Most Forex brokers make money just the spread between two currencies, which does not depend on the cost of commissions. Moreover the rate of Forex traders should be aware of many other terms that are relevant to the forex trading.

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Lesson 1 – What is Forex and how does It work?

Know your forex terms

Before we delve any deeper into the possibilities that exist in the Forex market, we need to go over some basic Forex market terms.

Pip: A pip (percentage in point) or point, is usually the smallest unit of measurement in the Forex market. Most currency pair quotes are carried out four decimal places—i.e. 1.4500. When you work with Alpari quotes are carried out to the 5th decimal place to provide better pricing. The 5th decimal place represents fractional pips. If the exchange rate of a currency pair moved from 1.45000 to 1.45100, we would say that the price moved up 10 pips. You make money when the pips move your way in a trade.

Note: Any exchange rate that contains the Japanese yen as one of the currencies will only be carried out three decimal places.

Currency Pair: We wouldn’t have a Forex market if we weren’t able to compare the value of one currency against the value of another currency. It is this comparison that drives prices. Forex contracts are always quoted in pairs. The Euro vs. the U.S. dollar (EUR/USD) is the most heavily traded currency pair. The U.S. dollar vs. the Japanese yen (USD/JPY) is another popular pair.

The following is a list of the most common currency pairs, their trading symbols and their nicknames:

Euro vs. U.S. dollar (EUR/USD): “The Euro”

Great Britain Pound vs. U.S. dollar (GBP/USD): “Pound,” “Sterling,” or “The Cable.”

U.S. dollar vs. Swiss franc (USD/CHF): “The Swissie
U.S. dollar vs. Japanese yen (USD/JPY): “The Yen”
U.S. dollar vs. Canadian dollar (USD/CAD): “The CAD,” or “Loonie”
Australian dollar vs. U.S. dollar (AUD/USD): “The Aussie”
New Zealand dollar vs. U.S. dollar (NZD/USD): “The Kiwi”
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